MythologyThe legend says that pomegranate shrub was offered to people by the Babylonian fertility goddess, Ishtar. Obviously, the association of pomegranate with fertility started somehow like that. Later, its cultivation travelled to Asia and also spread to the Mediterranean. In Greece, it was brought by Cybele.
In ancient Greek mythology, pomegranate was a symbol of fertility and rebirth. The most famous legend associated with pomegranate is that of the abduction of Persephone by Hades, according to which Persephone spends four months on the throne of the Underworld and the rest on the blooming land. Thus, pomegranate became a symbol of spring's advent after cold winter and it was strongly present in the ancient Eleusinian Mysteries, during which Demeter Priests wore wreaths of pomegranate branches.
Another Greek myth says that the first pomegranate tree was planted in Cyprus by the goddess of love, Aphrodite, while pomegranate is also presented as a sacred symbol of Hera, the patron goddess of marriage and childbirth.